Thursday, 6 July 2017

Radiology: Art of Medical Imaging

Radiology can be defined as a branch of medicine that uses radiant energy for medical imaging, which is used to diagnose and treat disease within the body. Physicians who are specialized in radiology are called Radiologists. There are a variety of medical imaging techniques in Radiology which includes:

  • X rays: These rays are produced by the a combination of ionization radiation and a light striking photosensitive surface, which produces a latent image.
  • Computer Tomography (CT): CT imaging uses X-rays in conjunction with radio algorithms to image the body
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET): A PET uses radioactive drug for imaging test to reveal how the tissues and organs are functioning 
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): This radiology technique make use of radio wave energy and magnetic field to make images of structures and organs in the body.
  • Ultrasonography: This is one of the harmless technology in radiology which uses acoustic energy above the audible frequency of humans in order to produce images.
Procedures and techniques of Radiology
    The following are some of the specialized techniques and procedures available in Radiology:
  • Cardiovascular Radiology: This radiology procedure is used for the diagnosis heart and blood vessels by using MRI, X-rays, CAT, CT or ultrasound.
  • Chest Radiology: This procedure is used for the diagnosis of chest diseases, including biopsy and fluid drainage from the lungs. The procedure make use of CT , CAT, X rays, ultrasound or mammography for the diagnosis.
  • Breast Imaging: This procedure used for the diagnosis of breast disease includes Breast ultrasound, mammography, breast MRI and breast biopsy.
  • Gastrointestinal Radiology: This procedure for the diagnosis of diseases of abdomen, gastro intestinal or digestive tract make use of X rays, MRI, Ultra sound. The procedure also includes biopsy and drainage of the fluid. 
  • Genitourinary Radiology: The procedure includes MRI, X rays, CAT or CT for the diagnosis and genitourinary procedures including biopsy for the treatment of the disorders of urinary tract and reproductive organs.
    Nyle Super Speciality Hospital for women and children is one of the best hospital in Thrissur offers highly advanced treatment in Neonatology, Peadiatric,Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The hospital's radiology department provides the best radiology procedures including diagnostics and treatment for various diseases using radiation.